Climate & Change
Understand the essential principles of all aspects of the Earth system governing climate patterns - what is meant by climate change, what is causing it and what role we play in all of this.
We can present all of the information/graphs/charts etc., and whilst what is presented is extremely worrying we do not envisage what this equates to in reality
This is the real face of Climate Change/Global Warming
The time for ACTION is NOW
Need information on what to do - how to do it - Earth Warriors
According to Wikipedia - "Climate change, is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e. decades to millions of years). Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather around longer-term average conditions (i.e. more or fewer extreme weather events)."
So basically if our weather changes so that areas that usually have say, hot weather in June/July suddenly start to get snow instead, and that change lasts for many, many years, it is classed as climate change. OR if the number of extreme weather events in a year increases dramatically and that also lasts for many, many years, that also is classed as climate change.(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_change)
O.K. - we now know what we are talking about when we say 'climate change' - so where does the term 'global warming' come in? Climate change is caused by many factors from solar radiation received by Earth - caused by both the Suns output and the pattern of the Earth's orbit - to plate tectonics and volcanic eruptions, it can also be caused by human activities and when it is caused by the latter the tendency is to refer to it as 'global warming'.
Despite the Climate Change/Global warming deniers (usually fuelled by scientists paid for by large companies/corporations that have a vested interest in it not existing - they would lose too much money if they had to 'clean-up their act') the findings are now widely recognised by the national science academies of the major industrialised nations. Multiple lines of scientific evidence show that the climate system is warming and these changes can be measured over the last 140 years or so (more or less since the changes bought about by the industrial revolution reached a zenith).
We are going to need a 'Bigger Boat' - or Flood Defences
According to NASA the climate change that is occurring as a result of global warming is resulting in higher global surface temperatures, warming oceans, shrinking ice-sheets, declining Arctic sea ice, glacial retreat, decreased snow cover, increase in ocean acidification and an increase in extreme events.
Global mean surface temperature change from 1880 to 2014, relative to the 1951–1980 mean. The black line is the annual mean and the red line is the 5-year running mean. The green bars show uncertainty estimates.
Key: Dark blue = floods. Light blue = mass movement wet. Green = storms. Yellow = drought. Magenta = extreme temperature. Orange = Wildfires Photograph: /WMO
Graphic: Earth's temperature record
Each year, four international science institutions compile temperature data from thousands of stations around the world and make independent judgments about whether the year was warmer or cooler than average. “The official records vary slightly because of subtle differences in the way we analyze the data,” said Reto Ruedy, climate scientist at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. “But they also agree extraordinarily well.”
All four records show peaks and valleys in sync with each other. All show rapid warming in the past few decades. All show the last decade has been the warmest on record.
You can also find this graphic on NASA’s Climate 365 Tumblr page.
NASA Climate 365 project - a collaboration of the NASA Earth Science News Team, NASA Goddard and Jet Propulsion Laboratory communications teams, and NASA websites Earth Observatory and Global Climate Change.
As of 2014, 2013 tied with 2009 and 2006 for the seventh warmest year since 1880 according to NASA scientists. With the exception of 1998, the 10 warmest years in the 134-year record have all occurred since 2000, with 2010 and 2005 ranking as the warmest years on record. Earth continues to be hotter than it was several decades ago.
This color-coded map shows how Earth's surface temperature has changed from 1880 to 2013. Higher-than-normal temperatures are shown in red and lower-than-normal temperatures are shown in blue.
There is still more to come on this page